Finding That Right Word
By Henry McLaughlin
It seems to me the more writing I do, the more I find myself looking for the right word, the perfect word to convey what I want. Maybe it’s the color of a character’s eyes, or the fury of a thunderstorm scudding across the sky. It might be the clamor of city streets or the stillness of a forest at sundown. I become a perfectionist, seeking the best word to engage the reader in the story at that moment.
When this happens early in my writing process, like the first or second draft, I’ve sometimes forgotten one of the cardinal rules I learned early in my career—get the first draft out. Don’t stop writing to go searching for perfection. I’ll lose whatever momentum I’ve developed. I’ll stop writing.
Norah Lofts is credited with saying, “I can fix a bad page. I can’t fix a blank page.” This advice has inspired me to keep writing, even when what’s coming out is junk. Why? Because if I’ve got junk on the page, I’ve got something to work with.
I’ve learned that early drafts are the way to give the story idea some solidity. It becomes something tangible I can see and work with. This applies whether you’re an outliner or a pantser. I’ve done both. The outline is the skeleton. The story doesn’t come alive in the flesh until it’s written. The same applies to being a pantser. The idea doesn’t become real until I put words on the page.
When I get to the editing stage is when I look for the right word.
The first tip I want to share is to be specific.
For example, I may have my characters traveling on a road. That’s fine for the early drafts, when getting the story moving is important (no pun intended). In the rewrite and tweaking is when I look for that right word to add clarity, mood, tension, and suspense by showing more detail. What kind of road is it? Is it an interstate? A country back road with potholes and a crumbling shoulder? Main Street in a small town? A boulevard in a big city?
Part of being specific is being descriptive without resorting to overwriting or purple prose.
I also need to keep the genre in mind. If it’s a western, the road might be two ruts carved by wagons. Or the setting may be a contemporary upscale neighborhood that would never use words like street or avenue. They might use the names way or lane or parkway.
My go-to resource when I’m looking for the right word is J. I. Rodale’s The Synonym Finder. It’s one of the most complete sources for synonyms I’ve found.
The key is to narrow my list of words until I hit the one that best captures what I want the reader to visualize. This applies to more than just roads. I want the words to be appropriate to the setting of the scene, to the characters as they have grown in the story, and to the circumstances they find themselves in.
especially applies to using the five senses. All too often I find mentees and
editing clients using primarily sight and sound. Don’t forget the taste, smell,
and feel. One of the most vivid descriptions I’ve read is how a character
tasted the coppery smell of blood when he entered a murder scene. I thought,
“yeah, I’ve had that same sensation. I just never put the smell of blood with
the metallic taste.”
Look for ways to describe from a unique sense rather than the usual ones we use. Study the scene you’re working on. Can I recall an experience I had in a similar setting? What did that feel like? How can I incorporate those same feelings and sensations into my story?
Think of how to describe the feel of corduroy under your fingers. Or of how tromping through six inches of heavy snow feels in your muscles, with the cold drilling into your cheeks and fingers.
What are some ways you’ve found to be specific in your writing?
(Photos courtesy of Unsplash, Brett Jordan, and Sven Brandsma.)
Tagged as “one to watch” by Publishers Weekly, award-winning author Henry McLaughlin takes his readers on adventures into the hearts and souls of his characters as they battle inner conflicts while seeking to bring restoration and justice in a dark world. His writing explores these themes of restoration, reconciliation and redemption.
Besides his writing, Henry treasures working with other
writers and helping them on their own writing journeys. He is a member of
American Christian Fiction Writers. He regularly teaches at conferences and
workshops, leads writing groups, edits, and mentors and coaches.
Visit him at http://www.henrymclaughlin.org.
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